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FAQ - Frequently asked questions about tattoo removal | Inkless

FAQ #1: How does laser tattoo removal work exactly?

When getting tattooed, color particles are pinched with fine needles into the sub-cutaneous tissues.  The thin epidermis (first layer of skin) allows the color particles of the sub-cutaneous skin shine through. The process of tattooing leaves both, smaller and larger color particles in the skin. Over time, the body's scavenger cells (macrophages or white blood cells) are removing these foreign bodies.

That is why tattoos fade after a few years. However, since only the small color particles can be removed from these scavenger cells, a visible portion remains even after a very long time. Laser removal uses this principle by "shooting" the color particles with an intense light beam, splitting the particles into smaller ones which then can be transported away by the lymph system.

FAQ #2: How exactly is the laser working?

To remove a tattoo with a laser, bundled (visible or invisible) light is used to heat the color particles for a very short (billionth of a second) period and thus let them burst. The smaller parts then can be removed by the macrophages.

Since at each treatment only parts of the color particles are destroyed, several sessions (usually between 8 and 12) are necessary to get rid of the tattoo completely.

FAQ #3: What is a Nd:YAG-Laser?

Nd:YAG laser is the abbreviation for neodymium-doped yttrium aluminium garnet laser and describes a special type of laser. The neodymium is responsible for the intensification of the light (brightness and luminosity) and the yttrium aluminum garnet as crystal for the generation of the light.

The generated light beam operates with a wavelength of 1064 nm (frequency-doubled: 532 nm) and emits intense light beams over shortest periods (billionth of a second). Depending on the wavelength, different color particles are affected, i. e. the different colors of a tattoo can be optimally removed by adjusting the frequencies.

Another quality feature of the lasers is the so-called Q-switched technology, which emits the high energy light only at very short intervals. This is particularly kind to the skin, because short periods of time are sufficient to burst the color particles in the skin. The shorter the interaction of the laser with the skin, the lower the irritation.

FAQ #4: How many treatments are required?

Most customers want a quick tattoo removal, for obvious reasons. Nevertheless, it is important to set serious expectations - usually several treatments per tattoo are necessary. The number is individually dependent on the number of colors, the composition of the colors of the tattoo artist, the type and depth of the tattoo, the intensity of the tattoo, but also physical factors such as the immune system play an important role. As a rule, tattoos can be completely removed within 8 and 12 sessions, always depending on the individual case.

A tattoo disappears faster if ...

… less color was injected during the stitching process. The more color is beneath the skin, the longer the removal process will take.
… the tattoo is undergoing a treatment in a regular interval (larger pauses in-between the sessions can reduce the efficiency).
… the client actively performs an aftercare with high-quality healing products.
Immune System
… the client has a healthy immune system, which is fit to transport the ink particles.

FAQ #5: How effective is laser tattoo removal?

Laser tattoo removal is the most careful and efficient way of treatment. With an average scarring of less than 5 % and a short treatment time, it has significant advantages over other procedures (such as grinding or chemical removal).
An average treatment takes 10 to 20 minutes and depending on the tattoo, between 8 and 12 sessions with 6 to 8 weeks of break in between are needed. In order to ensure that your skin does not take any damage, the correct pre-treatment and after-treatment helps and supports that no scarring or pigmentation occurs.

FAQ #6: What has to be taken care of after treatment?

Taking the right aftercare actions, your tattoo will disappear even faster and you minimize the chance of scarring. Take care that in the first days after the treatment the skin is still very sensitive. Please note the following:
Avoid cosmetics
Cosmetic products, other than special aftercare creams, should therefore be used rarely or better not at all.
Intensive sports, swimming and sauna within the first 1-2 weeks can lead to cracking and scarring.
Minimize sun exposure
For the whole time, it is recommended to avoid strong sun exposure, solarium and scratching of the scab.
Cooling & disinfecting
Immediately after treatment, the skin should be cooled. In the first days, disinfecting prevents germs.
The first days
Keep the treated area dry and airtight, after 2-3 days simple water can be used for cleaning.

FAQ #7: How painful is the tattoo removal?

Since pain is perceived very individual and depends on the body, the form of the day and the state of health, one can not make any absolute indications of pain. Nevertheless, customers have described that the pain is comparable to the process of tattooing. The main difference is that a session takes much shorter. In addition, there are usually no consequential pains.

In order to minimize the pain during the treatment, we use:

Cryogenic instrument

As we care about the well-being of our customers, we use a special air-cooling unit for each treatment, producing cold air (-20 °C to -30 °C), which makes a much more painless treatment possible.

Nd:YAG Laser

Equipped with the latest Q-switched technology, the laser is especially kind to the skin, because the shortest time is enough to burst the color particles within the skin. The shorter the interaction of the laser within the skin, the lower the irritation.

FAQ #8: What alternative ways of removing a tattoo do exist?

The available alternatives to a laser treatment have considerable disadvantages. In order to give you an overview of other methods, you can find a short list here.

Dermabrasion is the mechanical grinding of the skin. During the milling process, the uppermost skin layer (epidermis) is removed. By releasing the lower skins layers, parts of the color particles are also removed. However, this procedure leads in many cases to significant scar formation and is due to considerable pain only possible with local anesthesia.
Chemical skin peeling
Similar the dermabrasion chemical peeling works, since also the epidermis is removed. However, not manually - for example by means of a sand blasting machine or a milling machine, but through a chemical cream / acid, so that the upper skin layers detach themselves and the color-bearing skin layer of the tattoo. Subsequently, the ink can then be removed manually by applying a further chemical agent or by using a sandblaster. Due to the injuries of the skin the healing phases after the treatment are lengthy.
Diathermy is using high-frequency current. In the case of tattoo removal, the area of the tattoo is heated after local anesthesia. Using high-frequency microwave therapy, the color and the surrounding tissue are burnt and are then repelled to the outside by the healing through the formation of new skin layers. The wound healing process takes very long and is often associated with scarring.

FAQ #9: When should a tattoo removal via laser be discouraged?

Although the laser treatment is a very gentle way of removig the tattoo, there are circumstances in which such a treatment is currently not possible. If the skin is overly tanned, way advise to wait until the tan has disappeared to guarantee an optimal result.

Other medical reasons that prevent laser treatment are pregnancy, hemophilia, viral hepatitis, epilepsy, kidney disease, and HIV. In case of doubt, please contact our treatment experts, who provide you advise individually and free of charge.

FAQ #10: Tips for your tattoo removal?

Tattoo removal varies from type to type, but general rules apply and make the right treatment easier. Here are a few simple tips on gentle tattoo removal:
Personal consultation
When choosing your studio, you should pay attention for personal consultation. In order to meet the individual circumstances of the customer, a preliminary examination is always part of a competent treatment
Qualified experts
The staff should have undergone special training. This ensures that you can rely on correct treatment of different skin types, tattoo styles, colors and the correct preparation and follow-up.
The aftertreatment affects the result considerably. Use the possibility to prevent scarring and pigmentation. Special care products optimize the results.
Avoid the sun
Sun, solarium, swimming and saunas are not advisable - right after a treatment this can damage the sensitive skin.
Likewise, sports should be avoided in the first few days (usually in the first week) after the treatment. Strains can lead to cracks in the scab and thus produce scars.
Flexible opening hours
Excellent laser therapists have flexible opening hours to provide you with regular appointments at the right time for you.

FAQ #11: Hair removal via SHR - how exactly does that work?

Hair removal by means of SHR (Super Hair Removal) permanently interrupts the growth of the hair. In our skin, the hair roots normally produce hair again and again - conventional methods such as shaving, waxing or chemical removal are not permanent, because the hair roots themselves remain intact. The goal of a hair removal by a laser is thus to permanently interrupt the production of the hair at its root, by this is degenerated and can not produce any more hair.

For this purpose, hair roots must be heated to at least 45 ° C - because of the temperature, they become permanently deadened and thus produce no more hair. In order to protect the surrounding skin, the SHR method of InkLess uses only a very short beam of light (pulse) to prevent burns around the hair roots. The outer skin layer remains unaffected, while the hair itself directs the energy into the root by its own color (melanin). This leads to the heating and obliteration of the root.

FAQ #12: Why is it recommended to use SHR for permanent hair removal?

There are two basic procedures for the permanent removal of hair - removal by the SHR method (Super Hair Removal), which Inkless uses, and the IPL (Intense Pulse Light) method.

In the conventional IPL method, very short pulses with very high energies are emitted. Via the melanin, this energy is directed to the hair root and generates a heat of about 70 ° C. Since the skin also contains melanin, this also takes up some of the energy, which in the worst case can lead to burns, but at the most is felt as painful by most people.

With the SHR-method instead of a short, but high-energy impulse is set to a longer warming. 6-10 light pulses are emitted at short intervals (up to 10 per second). Thus, not only the melanin of the hair is addressed, but also the tissue of the stem cells is slowly and gently heated. The temperature rises to only about 45 ° C, which is perceived as a pleasant warmth and prevents the skin from getting burned. It is also possible to treat very light hairs by SHR, since the melanin is no longer the only influencing factor. In addition, in contrast to IPL, even darker skin types can be treated.

FAQ #13: How can Spider Veins permanently be removed by a IPL?

With our treatment it is possible to easily and painlessly remove the annoying spider veins. In the treatment of these small veins, energy is transmitted to them through very short light pulses with a special IPL device. These heat up to 70 ° C and close permanently. The procedure is extremely painless, well proven, and provides a safe way to permanently remove the spider veins.

If a serious disease of the underlying veins is excluded (medical preliminary examination), the treatment can immediately begin. Our trained staff ensures through many years of experience that both fast and gentle results in the treatment are to be expected.

FAQ #14: Which advantages does IPL provide for the removal of spider veins?

Gentle method
Firstly, IPL is the most gentle method of removal. Compared to the use of chemical sclerotics, which are injected into the corresponding veins and can cause significantly stronger pain. In addition, there is the risk of an inflammation or wound in case of a false injection outside the vein. As a result, both the pain load and the risks are significantly higher in conventional methods.
Secondly, the use of IPL is the much faster way of removing spider veins. Because conventional methods often use either pressure bandages or support stockings to stabilize the area. This may take up to a few weeks for the desired result to be achieved, while our treatment is already fully finalized in a few days and does not require any further aids in post-treatment. With additional healing creams, the process can be further accelerated.
Ultimately, the closure of the veins also allows a permanent reduction in the likelihood that new spider veins can form because the occluded veins are broken down over time. Reduce your risk to get spider veins again. The skin is not injured during the treatment, because the light pulses only have a fraction of a second.


FAQ #15: How many sessions are required for the removal of Spider Veins?

As a rule, all spider veins can be removed in 1-3 sessions. The result varies between types of skin, but in all cases there is a noticeable improvement already after the first session.